can you use gluten free flour to make a roux

Yes, you can use gluten-free flour to make a roux. A roux is a mixture of fat and flour used as a thickening agent in sauces, soups, and gravies. Traditionally, roux is made with wheat flour, which contains gluten. However, there are various gluten-free flour alternatives available that can be used to create a roux for individuals with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease.

Understanding Gluten-Free Flour

Gluten-free flour is a blend of different ingredients that mimic the properties of wheat flour without containing gluten. It is usually a combination of grains, such as rice, corn, or sorghum, along with starches and other thickeners. These ingredients work together to provide structure and texture to baked goods, and they can also be used as substitutes in savory dishes like roux.

Choosing the Right Gluten-Free Flour

When making a roux with gluten-free flour, it’s important to choose the right type of flour to ensure the desired consistency and flavor. Here are some common gluten-free flour options and their characteristics:

  • Rice Flour: Rice flour is a versatile option that works well in roux. It has a mild flavor and produces a smooth texture.
  • Almond Flour: Almond flour adds a nutty flavor to your roux and can provide a slightly grainier texture.
  • Potato Starch: Potato starch is a popular thickening agent that can be used in roux. It has a neutral flavor and creates a smooth consistency.
  • Tapioca Flour: Tapioca flour is known for its ability to thicken liquids quickly. It adds a glossy shine and a chewy texture to roux.

Experiment with different gluten-free flours to find the one that suits your taste preferences and dietary needs. You can also try using a combination of flours to achieve the desired flavor and texture.

Adapting the Roux-Making Process

To make a gluten-free roux, you’ll need to adapt the traditional roux-making process slightly. Here’s a modified step-by-step guide:

  1. In a saucepan, melt a fat of your choice, such as butter or oil, over medium heat.
  2. Add the gluten-free flour gradually, whisking continuously to prevent lumps from forming.
  3. Cook the mixture for a few minutes, stirring constantly, until the flour is cooked and turns a golden color.
  4. Slowly add your liquid, such as broth or milk, while continuing to whisk. The roux will thicken as the liquid is incorporated.
  5. Simmer the mixture over low heat, stirring occasionally, until it reaches the desired thickness.
  6. Season your roux with salt, pepper, and any other herbs or spices to enhance the flavor.

Keep in mind that gluten-free flours may react differently than wheat flour when heated, so the cooking time and thickening process may vary. It’s essential to monitor the consistency and adjust as needed by adding more liquid or flour to achieve the desired outcome.

Using Gluten-Free Roux in Recipes

Now that you have mastered the art of making a gluten-free roux, you can use it in a variety of recipes. Here are some ideas:

Gluten-Free Mac and CheeseSwap out the traditional roux with a gluten-free version to make a creamy and comforting mac and cheese.
Gluten-Free GravyThicken your gravy with a gluten-free roux for a flavorful accompaniment to mashed potatoes and roasted meats.
Gluten-Free Creamy SoupsAdd a gluten-free roux to your favorite soup recipes to achieve a creamy and velvety texture.


In conclusion, you can definitely use gluten-free flour to make a roux. By understanding the characteristics of different gluten-free flours, adapting the roux-making process, and exploring various recipe options, you can enjoy delicious gluten-free dishes without compromising on taste or texture. So go ahead and give it a try!